Minggu, 20 November 2011

keris traditional weapon of Java

Keris is something that very closely, especially with Javanese culture. In the "Legend of Java" is said, that to be a true man, then someone must have five things, namely: an heirloom kris; a horse; pet birds; a woman and a house.Kris in Javanese culture is viewed and treated as a "symbol" and "status" for the owner, rather than as a "killer tool" (Martial Weapon). Almost every aristocratic Javanese family, you can bet they have a Keris Family Heritage, which has a typical efficacy-efficacy. Owning a Heritage Keris, requires one to meet a variety of rituals, one of which is the ceremonial bathing the keris, which is generally done every year and it depends completely to their respective owners, how they are in doing so.Complicating the issue of the keris is also result in not easy for someone kris ownership issue, which was not as easy to have other personal items. To have a dagger that contain cultural meaning, require a person to do some rituals, to ascertain
whether the keris is "paired" with sipemilik and how the subsequent maintenance expected by the si-Keris.
Moving his hand a dagger is not marked with a fistful of money perpindah hand. Like the person who will perform the marriage, the union between a dagger with a new owner, is characterized by a "dowry" or "Mas Marriage" which was approved by both parties, including the-Keris, through a "medium". Problems can result in very serious, because if the-Keris can not accept new owners, then it can be fatal to the new sipemilik.The complexity of this keris issue including how to bear the si-Keris. It depends penyandangnya for the sake of what? If all the problems of ritual is ignored, it will only cause the-Kris is furious and when it's so, it is a harmonious atmosphere between the-Keris and its owner became distracted and misfortune could have happened.!The complexity of world problems Keris seems also a difference of opinion about where the origin of the word "Kris" is derived? In the book "Encyclopedia Kris" sold dimuseum Kris, Kris explained that the first word found on a bronze plate with the words "sharps" which is found around the year 825, the village Karangtengah. That said, the next word "crunch" that is the forerunner of the word "Keris" we know today, with all sorts of mysteries.

rencong traditional weapon from Aceh

Rencong is one of the Acehnese traditional weapons other than guns and firearms. That said, at the time of the ancient kingdom of Aceh in every man who has grown up, must have sepucuk rencong to keep yourself. Rencong has religious and philosophical meaning to Islamization, the handle is berbetuk taken from the equivalent Arabic word Bismillah. Equivalent word can be seen in a curved handle and then thicken at the elbow. The handle-shaped rencong Ba, the handle where the grip is a script Sin, which taper downward in the base metal near the handle is a script Mim, iron taper near the base of the handle that resembles a lane-lane iron from the base of the handle until near the end symbolizes the character Lam
, the under the glove has a form letter Ha, so that the whole letter Ba, Sin, Meme, Lam, Ha, arrangement of the letters are legible form the sentence Bismillah is a symbol that shows the characteristics of the people of Aceh, which is clinging to the glory of Islamic teachings.The main raw material manufacture rencong is white metal, brass, and buffalo horn. Rencong have tiers for the king or sultan is usually made of ivory (sarong) and pure gold (the dagger). While other rencong rencong-usually made of buffalo horn or wood as a sheath, and brass or white metal as a dagger. Rencong types of white metal, called has many benefits because it can drive out evil spirits as jinn and devils who try to interfere.In the Dutch colonial period, rencong used on the battlefield. This weapon tucked in the front waist height as a marker of egalitarianism and self-defense and a symbol of dignity, courage, greatness, and heroism against the Dutch colonialists. In the struggle against the Dutch, history records the names of great heroes like Admiral Malahayati Acehnese heroine (the world's first female admiral), Cut Nyak Dien, Cut Meutia, Pocut Meurah Intan, Pocut Baren, and Teungku Fakinah.In general, there are five kinds of weapons are rencong the people of Aceh are:- Rencong Meucugek:Called rencong meucugek because of the handle rencong the darts and there is a form of adhesive which in terms of Aceh called cugek or meucugek. Cugek is needed to easily handle and not easily separated when thrust into the body of the opponent or enemy.- Rencong Meupucok:Rencong shoots above the handle is made of metal engraving are generally of ivory or gold. The base of the handle decorated with patterned gold tumpal (pucok bamboo shoots) and given up the gems ditampuk, rencong overall length of about 30 cm. Gloves rencong also made of ivory and given a bond with gold. Typically, this rencong used in official ceremonies relating to indigenous issues and the arts.- Rencong Pudoi:Pudoi term in Acehnese society is something that is considered still short or there are still rudimentary. Rencong handles only straight and very short. So, what is meant pudoi or a rudimentary form of the handle is on the rencong.- Rencong Puntong:The uniqueness of the upstream rencong Puntong butts, with a dagger that was forged with metal, rencong head of buffalo horn and scabbard of wood.- Rencong Meukure:Differences rencong rencong meukure with other types is in the eye rencong. Eye rencong ornate such as pictures of snakes, centipedes, flowers, and others. The images were interpreted by a blacksmith with a diverse range of advantages and privileges. Rencong are stored longer, will be formed initially aritan kind or form called kuree. The longer or the older a rencong, the more kuree contained on these rencong eye. Kuree is considered to have magical powers.Currently, rencong been switching function as one of the souvenirs of Aceh. In fact, one of the land titles in Aceh is also called as Land Rencong. It was not perfect when travelers from outside Aceh during his visit to Aceh did not buy rencong as a gift or memento.Beloved Indonesia is rich in various cultures, including in terms of traditional weapons. If the first traditional weapon used to repel invaders, so now we as a nation's next generation must keep these weapons as diverse beauty of Indonesia's cultural sphere, in order not to be stolen by other nations.

Kamis, 17 November 2011

Tifa, Musical Instruments of Papua

Tifa is a musical instrument that originated from Maluku and Papua, Tifa like playing drums way is to hit. Made from a wood or dihilangi dikosongi contents and on one side of the tip is covered, and usually cover used buckskin that has been dried to produce a good sound and beautiful. bentuknyapun usually made ​​with carvings. each tribe in embarrassment and papuamemiliki drums with his characteristic respectively.

Tifa is usually played to accompany the traditional dances, such as a war dance, traditional dance Asmat, and Dance gatsi. rian is normally used on special occasions such as ceremonies and other important events.

gamelan in indonesia

Is a typical Indonesian gamelan orchestra.
The word comes from the Javanese gamelan "Gamels" which means hitting with a hammer.

In addition to Java, the Balinese and Sundanese gamelan had.
The sound produced by a set of gamelan music was incredible, because it is a perfect blend of many sounds.

Javanese gamelan usually consists of Gong, Kendang, Gambang, flute and zither.

Gamelan is the music that is created from an alloy gong sounds, kenong and other Javanese musical instruments. Rhythm of the music is soft and reflects the harmony of life of the Javanese will soon greet and soothe the soul was heard.Gamelan, Orchestra a la Java
Gamelan music is definitely not a stranger. Its popularity has penetrated every continent and has created a new musical blend of jazz-gamelan, gave birth to the institution as a learning space and gamelan music expression, has produced famous gamelan musicians. Gamelan music can now be enjoyed in many parts of the world, but Yogyakarta is the most appropriate place to enjoy gamelan it since you can enjoy the original version.
Growing in Yogyakarta Gamelan Gamelan Java is, a different form of gamelan Balinese gamelan or Sundanese gamelan. Javanese gamelan has a softer tone and slow, in contrast to the lively Balinese gamelan and Sundanese gamelan very lilting voice and flute dominated. The difference is reasonable, since Java has a view of life that is expressed in the rhythm of gamelan music.
View of life Javanese gamelan music is expressed in the physical life and spiritual harmony, harmony in talking and acting so as not to create an explosive expression and to realize tolerance. Concrete manifestation in his music is the pull rope is rebab, kenong balanced blend of sounds, drums and xylophone saron and gong sound on every cover of rhythm.
There is no definite history of gamelan. The development is expected since the emergence of gamelan music kentongan, fiddle, pat into the mouth, the friction on the rope or thin bamboo until the familiar instruments of metal. Further development after named the gamelan, the music was used to accompany wayang performance, and dance. Later it became independent as the music itself and equipped with sound sinden.
A set of gamelan consist of several musical instruments, including a set of similar musical instrument drum, called drums, fiddle and zither, xylophone, gongs and bamboo flutes. The main components that make up a gamelan musical instruments are bamboo, metal, and wood. Each device has its own function in the gamelan music, such as closing a gong played music and gave the balance long after the music was decorated by gending rhythm.
Javanese gamelan is music with pentatonic melodies. A complete gamelan play consists of two rounds, the slendro and pelog. Slendro has 5 tones per octave, ie 1 2 3 5 6 [C-D + E GA] with a small interval difference. Pelog has 7 tones per octave, ie 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 [C + D E-F # G # AB] with big interval difference. Gamelan music compositions created by some rules, which consist of several rounds and pathet, limited by a gong and the melodies were created in a unit consisting of four tones.
You can see gamelan as a musical accompaniment alone or as a dance or performing arts such as shadow puppets and ketoprak. As a performance, gamelan music is usually combined with the voices of the singers of Java (called wiraswara male singers and female singers called waranggana or sinden). Gamelan music performances are held now could be a classic or contemporary gamelan. One form of contemporary gamelan is jazz-gamelan music as a combination of pentatonic and diatonic tone.
One of the places in Yogyakarta where you can see performances of gamelan is the Sultan's Palace. On Thursday at 10:00 to 12:00 pm gamelan as a musical performance itself. On Saturday at the same time as the accompaniment of gamelan music held puppet, while on Sunday at the same time as the accompaniment of gamelan music performed traditional Javanese dance. To see the show, you can go to Sri Maganti Ward. Meanwhile, to see the old gamelan, you can go to another of the kingdom which lies further to the rear.

gadang house

Custom home in West Sumatra is called Tower House.
Tower House has a pole that is not perpendicular or horizontal but have a slope. Why?
Because first, there are many people who come from the sea, so they only know how to make the ship and did not know how to make a home.
This house has a unique form of architecture with roofs that resemble buffalo horns made ​​of palm fiber material.
On the front page of Tower House is usually always there are two buildings rangkiang, used to store grain.
Tower House also called the House Baanjuang. Because the right wing and left the room anjuang (anjung).
This space is used by the local community as a place where the coronation of the bride biting or head of customs.
As a tribal nation that embraces the philosophy of nature, line and shape their communal home in harmony with a natural look Bukit Barisan.
Take a look at look at the peak of striped arches rising in the middle. Then, the line slopes downward curve and swell to form a square three.
Tower House Function
1. As a family residence.
2. As a symbol of the presence of a people
3. As the center of life and harmony
4. As a place of carrying out various ceremonies
5. As a place of caring for a sick family member.

Alosu From the South Sulawesi.

Alosu: The form of woven palm leaves the box, in it contains the seeds - From the South Sulawesi.

Rabu, 16 November 2011

Death Ceremony Community Banjar (South Kalimantan)

For the people of Banjar, death is not a simple case of discharge of the soul from the body, but also a sacred event that became the natural entrance to the next man. Death is not the end of the journey of human life, but it is the beginning of another life. As the beginning of a new life, it is only logical if preparing for all purposes required in a new life in the future. In other words, death is an event that requires a stock to shore up his new life. What are the provisions that must be prepared and prepare lunch bagimana dead is entirely related to the trust and confidence of each individual.
Banjar society choose a belief that they believe will provide benefits in the nature of life in death. For example, if someone reads tahlil 70,000 (seven laksa) times, they believe to be saved from hell fire. In addition, the provision of death is also prepared to increase their charitable jariyah and tasawwuf follow the Koran. Both religious effort is often referred to as sangu tuha (old stock) or sangu Hereafter (stock provision). According to David, there is also preparing dishes and drinks his own the best that they will be awarded to those who bathe. Provision of this equipment based on the belief that the gift he will use the equipment in the nature of death later (David, 1997: 290-294). There are many other deeds-deeds that are usually practiced by the Banjar that in the future after death survived the torment of hell fire and find happiness at the sight of Allah SWT.
In addition to performing deeds in mind, the Banjar also prepare a variety of issues related to equipment funerals. Like a shroud, burial ground, the cost of implementation of the ceremony, until the goods will be given to people who assist the implementation of the funeral ceremonies. This preparation is likely closely related to social and cultural relations.
Meaning of the death of a person not just a sacred meaning, but also an event that has a cultural and social significance. This corresponds closely to the position of the individual as a member of the community and as citizens of a particular culture. When an individual dies, culturally and socially and of course, raises concerns "keguncangan" while in the community. Keguncangan they cope with a ritual that serves to restore social stability culture.
For society, the ritual also serves respect for the journey of the dead into the afterlife. This viewpoint is evident from the behavior of people who visited the family of the deceased, followed the ceremony salvation, come bathe, prepare the grave, buried, and pray for him. The ceremony of death, thus, is a region of overlap between the events of sacred and social events. To give a complete picture of ketumpang-squeezing, this paper discusses not only funerals, but also other events surrounding the death ceremonies, such as someone dying, when the person has died, while the burial, and post-burial.

Merarik: Typical Wedding Ceremony Sasak, West Nusa Tenggara

"I do not want to marry a man who did not dare to take risks with my escape. He will look weak, both in my eyes as well as others from my village when he asked for permission to my father. Actually, my dad would throw it out the door when he tried to do that "(Bartholomen, 2001: 204).
Talking about marriage Sasak, can not help but talk about merarik, the girls run to be his wife. Merarik as a ritual to start a marriage is a very unique phenomenon, and may only be found in the Sasak, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. This tradition is so ingrained in society meat, so if there are people who want to know the marital status of a person, the person in question simply asked whether or not already merarik. Bartholomen article above clearly indicates that merarik is very important in marriage Sasak. In fact, asking a girl directly to her father to marry is no different than asking a chicken (Bartholomen, 2001: 195).
According to Judith Ecklund (1977: 96), in the 1970's culturally merarik about 95% performed by the Sasak people to start a marriage. This tradition of Sasak people are often regarded as an elopement, so-called dowry paid gift elopement (sajikrama). In addition, although in fact adopted the Balinese tradition, as if the flight is the essence of marriage practice Sasak,.
Although merarik a tradition imported from Bali, in the development of this tradition to be the most honorable way for men to marry a woman Sasak. The reason, merarik provide opportunities to the youth, who wanted a wife, to show his manhood (Bartholomen, 2001: 203). The nature of the male figure symbolizes a husband who is responsible for all conditions of the continuity of his family. Men who do merarik has proven himself as a brave man. This is because the perpetrator merarik, as stipulated in the indigenous Sasak, must face the danger of killed if caught. As for those who do not do merarik considered weak and not fit to be a husband, as quoted at the beginning of this paper.
To minimize the hazards to be borne by the perpetrator merarik, then all means are used to at the time of merarik not caught by the people, for example, by using magical powers. Using magical powers, a man can call her hero magically from places far enough. This method minimizes the danger merarik.
"... One night when he was dudu-sitting at home thinking about the dinner menu, a strange feeling came to him. Suddenly, he felt compelled to walk to the village rice field sidelines. In a daze and floated, he walked aimlessly along the empty road to meet with one who stands in front of the establishment ... .. "(Bartholomen, 2001: 194)
As the times, the number of people who do merarik less (Bartholomen, 2001: 202). In fact, sometimes performed merarik merely symbolic, ie with the "consent" of both parents of the girl. A fight that may arise as a result of the arrest of the person doing merarik also done only to abort the customary provisions. For example, although people who do merarik attacked by dozens of residents, on akhirya he was able to free himself.
Regardless of the growing unpopularity of early marriage as a ritual merarik Sasak, this ritual has spawned a unique marriage Sasak people. Dowry that must be submitted by the party of men, for example, called sajikrama (gift elopement). Goods that are used as a sanction imposed sajikrama to groom girls for running people. Therefore, the magnitude sajikrama calculated based on violations that may have occurred before, during, and after the kidnapping. The possibility of fines to be paid, among others (Budiwanti, 2000: 252-254): first, ngampah-ngampah ilen starch. Fines are imposed because the bride's parents felt that before, during, and after running the girl, the bridegroom has to embarrass their children, for example before the event merarik the man visited the girl first. Yet according to indigenous Sasak, a young man should not be visited or would visit the girl he stole.
Second, late salabar, that is fine to be paid by the bridegroom when the bride's parents think the groom's family is too late to preach the kidnapping of their daughter. According to indigenous Sasak, tolerance time to give news of the kidnapping is three days. More than three days, then the groom must pay a fine late salabar. In fact, sometimes also have to pay ngampah-ngampah ilen make starch for the bride's family embarrassment.
Third, Dosan jeruman. Fines must be paid by the groom because he used an intermediary in making the girls escape. Fourth, another keliang. Fines paid for the groom come from different places, such as the girl comes from the Sasak, whereas the groom came from Java. Fifth, ajin huts. Fines are paid at the request of the community where the bride lived. Sixth, a derivative of the nation. Fines are charged to the groom who have lower social status than the bride. Therefore, this model of marriage led to the social status of women to be down, then the payment is essentially a derivative nation compensation loss of social status. The higher the social status of women, the greater the nation derivative fines to be paid by the bridegroom. And seventh, etc.. Sajikrama is paid to the development of public facilities, such as the construction of the hamlet, madrassas, mosques, and so forth.
Various penalties that follow merarik, making the cost to be borne by the groom very large. This condition, not only burdensome bridegroom but also put women in a dilemma. These rules are causing women not free to choose his life partner, because they have to wait for people who can afford sajikrama. One respondent, for example, says that many people do not use a traditional Sasak in her marriage because of the expense is enormous. This condition causes some Sasak women, especially the nobility, not married (Budiwanti, 2000, 261). This phenomenon, by quoting one of Sasak community members, described by Budiwanti as follows:
"... The nobles ... have great power to determine the price of the bride. When the groom comes from a lower status than the bride, then they will demand the bride price is not coarse size and absurdly out of ability to pay. Not surprisingly, these demands become a boomerang for the nobility itself. Who is it who dared to marry their daughter if the groom has to pay 11 head of cattle ... ... Request for the bride price had been jammed move ordinary people to elope with their daughters "(Budiwanti, 2000: 261).

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